Uncovering the Secrets of Hedgehog Hibernation: A Guide for Owners

Uncategorized By Mar 29, 2023

Hedgehog hibernation is a natural process that occurs during winter months when temperatures drop below a certain level, leading to the hedgehog’s body conserving energy by reducing its metabolic rate. During hibernation, their body temperature can drop to as low as 5-6 degrees Celsius, their heartbeat and breathing rate slows down significantly, and the they become almost completely inactive. Hedgehogs require sufficient body fat in order for them to hibernate, and they need to be kept in a temperature of at least 18 degrees Celsius. Hedgehog owners should seek veterinary care immediately if the hedgehog does not wake up after a few days, or if they notice any signs of illness or distress.

Uncovering the Secrets of Hedgehog Hibernation: A Guide for Owners

Hedgehogs are fascinating creatures. They are known for their cuteness, prickly quills, and adorable waddle. However, there is much more to these adorable little creatures than what meets the eye. One of the most intriguing aspects of hedgehogs is their ability to hibernate. In this article, we will uncover the secrets of hedgehog hibernation, and provide a guide for owners to help them understand and take care of their hedgehogs during this period.

What is Hedgehog Hibernation?

Hedgehog hibernation is a natural process that occurs during the winter months when the temperature drops below a certain level. During this period, the hedgehog’s body goes through significant changes, reducing its metabolic rate to conserve energy. This allows the hedgehog to survive without food and water for an extended period. Hibernation can last for several weeks, even months, depending on the temperature and environmental conditions.

Why Do Hedgehogs Hibernate?

Hedgehogs hibernate in order to conserve energy when food and water are scarce. During the winter months, when the temperature drops significantly, hedgehogs are unable to find enough food and water to sustain themselves. In order to survive, they enter a state of hibernation, slowing down their metabolic rate, and relying on their stored body fat as a source of energy.

What Happens During Hedgehog Hibernation?

During hedgehog hibernation, the body temperature of the hedgehog drops from its normal 35-37 degrees Celsius to as low as 5-6 degrees Celsius. The heartbeat and breathing rate also slow down significantly, and the hedgehog’s body becomes almost completely inactive. The hedgehog will store food in its cheek pouches before entering hibernation, which it will consume during the hibernation period.

How to Prepare Your Hedgehog for Hibernation?

As a hedgehog owner, it is important to prepare your hedgehog for hibernation, and to keep them safe during this period. The first step is to ensure that your hedgehog has enough body fat to sustain them during hibernation. This means ensuring that they are eating a healthy and nutritious diet throughout the year, and that they have access to fresh water at all times.

It is also important to monitor the temperature of your hedgehog’s environment, and to ensure that it does not drop below 18 degrees Celsius. A drop in temperature below this level can trigger hibernation, even if the hedgehog is not ready for it yet. Hedgehogs should also have access to a warm and comfortable sleeping area, away from drafts and other disturbances.

What to Do If Your Hedgehog Hibernates?

If your hedgehog enters hibernation, it is important to handle them with care, as they will be in a very delicate state. Do not disturb them too much and provide them with fresh water and food if they wake up for short periods. However, if your hedgehog does not wake up after a few days, or if you notice any signs of illness or distress, it is important to seek veterinary care immediately.


Q: Can hedgehogs hibernate anytime of the year?
A: No, hedgehogs typically hibernate during the winter months when the temperature drops below a certain level.

Q: Do all hedgehogs hibernate?
A: No, not all hedgehogs hibernate. The decision to hibernate is based on environmental factors, such as temperature and food availability.

Q: Is it safe to wake up a hibernating hedgehog?
A: It is not recommended to wake up a hibernating hedgehog, as they are in a very fragile state during this period.

Q: How do I know if my hedgehog is ready to hibernate?
A: Your hedgehog will typically start to show signs of slowing down and may start to hoard extra food before hibernating.

In conclusion, hedgehog hibernation is a fascinating and natural process that plays an important role in the survival of these adorable little creatures. As a hedgehog owner, it is important to understand and prepare for hibernation, and to monitor your hedgehog closely during this period. By following these guidelines, you can ensure that your hedgehog stays safe and healthy throughout the winter months.