The Different Types of Squirrels in North America

Uncategorized By Aug 04, 2023

North America is home to various species of squirrels, each with unique characteristics and habitat preferences. Gray squirrels are adaptable and known for their agility. Red squirrels are smaller and found in coniferous forests, known for vocalizations and food caching. Fox squirrels are larger and skilled climbers. Flying squirrels can glide through the air due to a specialized membrane. Squirrels generally do not harm humans but can become a nuisance. They have an omnivorous diet and can be attracted to backyards with feeders. Squirrels are generally solitary but exhibit some social behaviors. They play a crucial role in seed dispersal and forest regeneration.

The Different Types of Squirrels in North America

The Different Types of Squirrels in North America


Squirrels are small mammals that belong to the family Sciuridae. They are known for their bushy tails, sharp claws, and nimble movements. North America is home to several species of squirrels, each with its own unique characteristics and habitat preferences.

Gray Squirrels

Gray squirrels are one of the most common and widely recognized squirrel species in North America. They have a grayish-brown fur coat and a long, fluffy tail. These squirrels are highly adaptable and can be found in a variety of habitats, including forests, urban areas, and suburban neighborhoods. Gray squirrels are known for their agility and ability to quickly climb trees.

Red Squirrels

Red squirrels, also known as pine squirrels, are smaller compared to gray squirrels and have a reddish-brown fur coat. They are commonly found in coniferous forests across North America. Red squirrels are known for their vocalizations, including high-pitched chattering sounds, and their preference for caching food in various locations.

Fox Squirrels

Fox squirrels are larger in size compared to both gray and red squirrels. They have a predominantly rusty-red fur coat and can be either gray or black as well. Fox squirrels are commonly found in hardwood forests and are known for their excellent climbing skills and ability to jump long distances.

Flying Squirrels

Flying squirrels, despite their name, do not actually fly but glide through the air. They have a specialized membrane called a patagium that stretches from their wrist to their ankle, allowing them to glide effortlessly among the trees. There are three species of flying squirrels in North America: northern flying squirrel, southern flying squirrel, and Humboldt’s flying squirrel.

FAQs about North American Squirrels

Q: Are squirrels harmful to humans?

A: Squirrels generally do not pose a direct threat to humans. However, they can become a nuisance when they invade attics, chew on wires, or raid bird feeders. It’s important to take necessary measures to prevent such encounters.

Q: What do squirrels eat?

A: Squirrels are omnivorous and have a varied diet. They eat a combination of nuts, seeds, fruits, flowers, fungi, insects, eggs, and even small vertebrates.

Q: How can I attract squirrels to my backyard?

A: If you wish to attract squirrels to your backyard, you can provide them with food by setting up feeders and offering a variety of nuts and seeds. However, be cautious as they might also attract other unwanted pests.

Q: Are squirrels social animals?

A: Squirrels are generally solitary creatures, but they do exhibit some social behaviors. For instance, during mating season, males may aggressively compete for females, and in some cases, squirrels may nest together for warmth during winter.

Q: How do squirrels contribute to ecosystems?

A: Squirrels play a vital role in seed dispersal. They bury nuts and seeds in various locations, helping to promote forest regeneration. Some buried seeds are never retrieved, allowing them to grow into new plants.