Do Moles Have Any Natural Predators? Discovering the Mole’s Place in the Food Chain

Uncategorized By Jul 12, 2023

Moles have natural predators such as foxes, wolves, badgers, owls, hawks, and certain snakes. While moles spend most of their lives underground, these predators are able to detect and capture them by using their keen senses and digging abilities. Moles play an important role in their ecosystems as small insectivores, controlling populations of insects and worms and improving soil health through their tunnelling activities. They also serve as prey for their natural predators, helping to maintain balance in the food chain. Although moles can be considered pests in gardens and lawns, their presence can have positive effects as well. There are various methods to deter moles from gardens, but it’s important to consider the potential impact on the local ecosystem. Relocating moles may not be effective and can cause stress for the animals. Moles are generally not carriers of significant diseases, but it’s best to avoid direct contact with them or their excretions to minimize any potential risks. Mole tunnels can be identified by their straightness and the volcano-shaped mounds of soil they create.

Do Moles Have Any Natural Predators? Discovering the Mole’s Place in the Food Chain

Do Moles Have Any Natural Predators? Discovering the Mole’s Place in the Food Chain


Moles are small mammals that belong to the Talpidae family. They are known for their unique underground lifestyle, spending most of their lives burrowing through soil and creating extensive tunnel systems. As these mammals are often considered garden pests due to their burrowing activities, it’s natural to wonder if they have any natural predators that help control their populations. In this article, we will explore the predators of moles and discuss their place in the food chain.

Predators of Moles

While moles spend the majority of their lives underground, they are not entirely safe from predators. The most common natural predators of moles include larger mammals such as foxes, wolves, and badgers. These predators have keen senses that allow them to detect the presence of moles beneath the ground. They also possess digging abilities, enabling them to dig into mole tunnels and capture their elusive prey. Birds of prey such as owls and hawks also hunt moles, particularly when they surface or are caught above ground while moving between tunnels.

Additionally, some species of snakes, like the garter snake, are known to prey on moles. These snakes typically inhabit areas where moles are abundant and can detect their movements using their specialized sensory organs. By lurking near mole tunnel entrances, snakes can seize the opportunity to ambush and consume them.

The Mole’s Place in the Food Chain

As small insectivores, moles play an essential role in their local ecosystems. Their diet mainly consists of insects, worms, and grubs found underground. By feeding on these creatures, moles regulate their population and reduce potential damage to plant roots from excessive insect activity. Moreover, their tunnelling activities help aerate the soil and improve its overall health.

Furthermore, moles contribute to the food chain by providing a source of prey for their natural predators. They serve as an important link in the ecosystem, ensuring a balance between pest control and predator-prey relationships.


Q1: Are moles harmful to gardens and lawns?

A1: While moles can create unsightly tunnels in gardens and lawns, their burrowing activities can also have some positive effects. They help control insects and improve soil health, but their presence might require some alternative gardening methods to minimize damage.

Q2: How can I deter moles from my garden?

A2: There are various methods to deter moles, including using castor oil-based repellents, installing vibrating stakes, or constructing barriers underground. However, be mindful of the potential impact on the local ecosystem and consult with experts if needed.

Q3: Can I relocate moles to another area?

A3: Relocating moles might seem like a solution, but it can be stressful for them and ineffective in the long term. Moles are territorial creatures, and introducing them to new environments may lead to conflicts with resident moles or other predators.

Q4: Do moles carry diseases?

A4: Moles are generally not carriers of diseases that pose a significant threat to humans. However, it’s always a good practice to avoid direct contact with moles or their excretions to minimize any potential risks.

Q5: How can I distinguish mole tunnels from other underground creatures?

A5: Mole tunnels are typically straight and can often be identified by the molehills they create. These are volcano-shaped mounds of soil formed by the moles’ excavation activities.